2016/17: Troubled Landscapes: Exploring Traces of Violence in German History and Culture

Troubled Landscapes: Exploring Traces of Violence in German History and Culture

A Study Trip to Munich and Nuremberg

Dr. Tobias Ebbrecht-Hartmann

August 29 - September 7, 2017

Throughout the course of history the city of Munich as well as other parts of the Federal State of Bavaria were fundamentally shaped by political turmoil, revolts and the outbreak of political violence. The 20th century as a “century of violence” in particular still affects ongoing political and cultural life in Germany. The memory of political turmoil, ideological collisions and terrorist attacks left significant traces in the landscapes of German cities. Besides Berlin the Bavarian capital Munich might be one of the most shattered metropolises in contemporary Germany. Events such as the “Bavarian Soviet Republic” in 1919, Hitler’s Beer Hall Putsch in 1923, Munich’s characterization as “Capital of the Nazi Movement” during the 1930s and 1940s, postwar terrorist attacks such as the hostage crisis during the Olympic Games in 1972 and the bomb attack on the Oktoberfest in 1980 and two murders of the National Socialist Underground in 2001 and 2005 create a fabric of ‘resonating violence’. Munich’s neighboring Franconian metropolis Nuremberg was similarly shaped by the experience of political violence. Once, during the 1930s, the city hosted huge Nazi party conferences. Today the former convention center, fragmented ‘brutality in stone’ (Alexander Kluge), hosts a museum. After the war Nuremberg was place of several trials against Nazi perpetrators. In 1973 the radical left wing terrorist group “Revolutionary Cells” targeted the ITT Corporation, in 1979 a member of the Red Army Faction was arrested in Nuremberg. Between 2000 and 2009 the NSU committed three brutal murder and several bomb attacks in the city.

The study excursion will explore different cultural, historical and geographical traces of this troubling history. Therefore we will visit various places of memory in the Bavarian capital Munich and Franconia's metropolis Nuremberg. The tour will include remarkable memorials, monuments and museums, including historical exhibitions and famous art collections, and is based on presentations prepared by the student participants. It attempts to encounter the troubled history of Munich and Nuremberg and to introduce a multitude of partly conflicting memories within German history and political culture.

For preparation the course “German Social History in the 20th Century” (fall semester) is recommended. Parallel to the study excursion students are required to attend the course “Terrorism and Political Violence in German Public Memory and Visual Culture” (spring semester).



Tuesday, August 29, 2017



Arrival and check-in at the Art Hotel, Paul-Heyse-Straße 10, Munich



Arthotel bar: Meeting & becoming acquainted with the study group




Wednesday, August 30, 2017


Day 1 – Traces and Voids of Violence



Departure from hotel



Layers of History – Traces of Violence: A Visit to the Munich City Museum


  • Individual visit of the museum


  • Task: Finding traces (and voids) of violence in the exhibition



Lunch break



Troubling Memories and Challenging Legacies: Munich City Walking Tour


  • Visit of the Memorial for the Nazi-Persecution of Lesbians and Gays at Oberanger/Dultstrasse


  • Student Presentation: Commemorating the Fate of Homosexuals in Germany and Munich (Pablo Lessa)


  • Visit of Kurt-Eisner Monument at Oberanger, Schmidstraße 2


  • Student Presentation: Kurt Eisner and the Bavarian Soviet Republic (Sasanka Kanuparthi)


  • Visit of Kurt-Eisner Memorial at Kardinal-Faulhaber-Strasse


  • Student Presentation: Kurt Eisner – Death, Memory and Legacy (Gal Givon)



Meeting with the Israeli Consul, Barer Str. 19 (tbc)



Welcome Dinner




Thursday, August 31, 2017


Day 2 – Politics and Culture of Violence



Departure from hotel


  • Student Presentation: Munich – Capital of the Nazi Movement (Reuven Remez)



Nazi Legacies I - NS-Documentation Center


  • Guided tour through the exhibition



Nazi Legacies II - Visit of Historical Places


  • Visit of the former site of the Bürgerbräukeller at Rosenheimer Strasse 18


  • Student Presentation: The Beer Hall Putsch - History and Legacy of the Bürgerbräukeller (Sara Rosenthal)


  • Student Presentation: Georg Elser - Hero or Terrorist? (Yaniv Barzilay)



Lunch break


  • Visit of Hitler’s former home at Prinzregentenplatz 16


  • Student Presentation: Hitler - Life, Myth and Present Perception (Emma Golinker)



Art and Terror –Haus der Kunst


  • Student Presentation: ‘Degenerated Art’ – From an Exhibition to Violence (Noga Sagi)


  • Individual visit of the museum


  1. Expert lecture: National-Socialist Architecture by Moritz Kienast






Commemorating Resistance - “Weiße Rose” Memorial


  • Visit of the DenkStätte Weiße Rose, Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1


  • Student Presentation: Resisting Violence – “Weiße Rose” (Areej Abu Ta´a)


  1. Expert lecture: Commemorating “Weiße Rose” in Munich by Dr. Hildegard Kronawitter (in German)




Friday, September 1, 2017


Day 3 – Topographies of Terror and Resonating Violence



Departure from hotel and transfer to Dachau



Topography of Terror - Visit to the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site


  • Guided tour at the former concentration camp with focus on the early years and persecution of political opponents by Moritz Kienast


  • Student Presentation: Dachau and “the Camp” (Sofia Diordiev)



Lunch break and visit of the Old City in Dachau



Transfer to the hotel




Saturday, September 2, 2017


Day 4 – Munich Today



Free time



Optional offers:


  • Visit of the Alte Pinakothek


  • Visit of the Neue Pinakothek



Arthotel bar: Reflections and discussion




Sunday, September 3, 2017


Day 5 – Confronting and Commemorating Neo-Nazi Terrorism



Departure from hotel



A Forgotten Attack – Visit to the Theresienwiese


  • Visit of the Oktoberfest Attack Memorial at Bavariaring 5


  • Student Presentation: The Oktoberfest Attack (Noa Samuel)


  1. Conversation with journalist Ulrich Chaussy first at the Memorial



Attacking Pluralism and Democracy – Visit to the NSU Memorial at Trappentreu Strasse


  • Student Presentation: East and West - Extremist Right Terrorism after 1990 and the NSU murders in Munich (Ronit Tapiero)


  • Student Presentation: The NSU Trial in Munich (Yonatan Hoffman)


  1. Meeting with Robert Andreasch (NSU Watch)



Lunch break



Present Challenges – Visit to the Refugee’s Projects Auer Haus, Mariahilfplatz 10


  • Student Presentation: The Impact of Violence – Trauma and Refuge in Light of the Current Refugee Crisis (Nitzan Chelouche)


  • Meeting and learning about educational concepts



Coming to Terms with the Past: Munich’s Multiple Competing Memories


  • Round table discussion with experts and students from Munich




Monday, September 4, 2017


Day 6 – Expressing and Confronting Political Violence



Departure from the hotel and transfer to Nuremberg


  • Student Presentation: The Party Rallies – Cheering People, Marching Columns (Aliya Belokhodzhaeva)



Brutality in Stone – Visit to the Documentation Centre Nazi Party Rally Grounds


  • Student Presentation: Architecture – Brutality in Stone (Olga Gerasimova)


  • Guided tour through the museum



Lunch break



Political Violence on Trial – Visit to the Memorium Nuremberg Trials


  • Student Presentation: Trials against Perpetrators – From Nuremberg to Demjanjuk (Lina Kipriushina)


  • Visit of the Memorial



Continuity of Political Violence – Visit to the NSU Memorial, Am Kartäusertor


  • Student Presentation: The NSU Murders in Nuremberg (Rami Tzafon)


  1. Conversation with Birgit Meir (Institut für sozialwissenschaftliche Forschung, Bildung und Beratung) on commemorating the victims of the NSU



Free time in Nuremberg’s Old City




Tuesday, September 5, 2017


Day 7 - Resonating Violence – 45 Years after the Munich Olympic Attack



Departure from hotel and transfer to Fürstenfeldbruck



Terror- and Memoryscapes – Visit to Fürstenfeldbruck


  • Visit of the Memorial plaque at the Old Tower of the airbase


  • Student Presentation: Background of the Munich Olympics Hostage Crisis in 1972 (Daria Kuklinskaia)


  • Student Presentation: The Failed Rescue Attempt at Fürstenfeldbruck Airbase (Alina Sarycheva)


  • Visit of the Commemoration Site outside the Fürstenfeldbruck Airbase


  1. Conversation with the artist Hannes L. Goetz


  • Public Commemoration Event for the Victims of the Munich Olympic Attack



Return to Munich



Lunch break



Jewish Past and Present – The St. Jakobs-Platz as Memory Place


  • Student Presentation: A Brief History of Violence and Threats against the Munich Jewish Community (Jemal Yaryyeva)


  • Guided tour through the Jewish Museum


  1. Meeting with Charlotte Knobloch, President of the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde München und Oberbayern, former President of Central Council of Jews in Germany




Wednesday, September 6, 2017


Day 8 – Troubled Histories and Conflicting Memories



Departure from hotel



Resonating Violence – Commemorating Terrorism in Munich


  • Student Presentation: Violent 1970 – Anti-Israeli Attacks in Munich preceding the Olympic Attack (David Amichai)


  • Visit of Memorial Sites at Connollystraße 33, Hans Braun Brücke in the Olympiapark


  • Student Presentation: Commemorating the Olympic Attack from 1972 in Munich (Marc Brüggemann)


  • Ceremony for the Inauguration of the New Commemoration Site for the Victims of the Munich Olympic Attack - BMW Welt


  • Visit of the newly inaugurated Munich Olympic Attack 1972 Memorial Site


  1. Conversation with Journalist Kassian Stroh (Süddeutsche Zeitung)- in German



Protest, Culture and Modernity – Pinakothek der Moderne


  • Student Presentation: Munich’s 1968 – From Gruppe S.P.U.R. to Teufel and Kunzelmann’s Tupamaros (Noa Swissa)


  • Individual visit of the Museum



Forgotten Memories of Terrorism – Visit to Englischer Garten


  • Student Presentation: Revolutionary Cell / Carlos-Group attack on Radio Free Europe (Piotr Malochwiej)


  • Student Presentation: RAF attacks on Ernst Zimmermann / MTU (1985) and Karl-Heinz Beckurts/Siemens (1986) (Caitlin Doherty)



Farewell Dinner at the Restaurant




Thursday, September 7, 2017